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            周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练

            admin 2019-05-26 227人围观 ,发现0个评论
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            2017•江西


            完形填空

            请选阅览下面短文,把握其粗心,然后从各小题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出能够填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡大将该项涂黑。(每小题1分)


               Each one of us shares this planet with seven billion others. And we all need__36__. People and products need to move from city to city and country to country. However, we all know__37__most cars, motorcycles, boats and planes cause air pollution. They are also__38___. This is a serious problem in many cities.___39__inventors are coming up with creative ideas to try to reduce the pollution and noise.


               In many cities around the world, motorcycles are very ___40___. Now Vietnam has around 33 million motorcycles and China has almost 120 million. Motorcycles are a faster and cheaper way to get around a city than___41___. Yet air pollution is a growing problem. In large cities, people__42___it is difficult to breathe. To solve these problems, a U.S.company designed an environmentally friendly motorcycle. It uses electricity as fuel(燃料). As a result, there is__43___pollution. It’s also quiet and fast. This makes____44___a good choice for getting around a city.


               The Italian city of Venice is a city with only a few ___45___. There are no cars in the city center. __46___ cars, water taxis and buses carry people along the city’s canals(运河).However, they cause pollution,____47__ to the water. English engineers Dick and Jem designed a solar-powered(太阳能)water taxi. The water taxi___48____run for a day after being recharged(充电).


              Planes also cause air and noise pollution. Designing an environmentally friendly airplane is a real__49____.Some airplane companies have____50___to solve the problems. Swiss engineers have gone one step further. They developed a solar airplane. This plane holds the world周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练 record for the longest solar-powered flight-1,541 kilometers from Arizona to Texas in America.


            36.A.air        B. food   C. transportation    D.communication

            37.A. how   B. why   C.when   &nbs周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练p; 朴贤瑞  D. that

            38.A.noisy      B.dirty       C. fast      D.expensive

            39.A.Since    B.So    C.Because    D. Although

            40.A. popular   B.valuable    C. dangerous   D. safe

            41.A. bikes   B.subways    C. buses    D. cars

            42.A. explain    B. complain     C. doubt     D. promise

            43.A. much      B. some   C. no   D. more

            44.A. them   B. you   C. us    D. it

            45.A. rivers    B. roads   C. tourists    D. people

            46. A. Instead of     B. Thanks to  C. Because of     D. As for

            47.A. probably     B.only    C. especially     D. hardly

            48.A. must    B. can  C. should   D. need

            49.A. question    B.job    C. decision   D. challenge

            50.A. disagreed     B. refused     C. started    D. remembered


            【文章粗心】本文是一篇记叙文,经过介绍当今交通工具形成了空气污染、噪音污染及水污染等,通知咱们为了削减这些污染,人们规划了环保型摩托车、太阳能水上出租车及环周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练保型飞机以及与这些交通工具有关的一些作业。


            36. C【解析】考察名词剖析。air“空气”;food“食物”;transportation“运输工具”;communication“通讯”。依据下句People and products need to move from city to city and country to country.(人和物品需求从一个城市运到另一个城市和从一个国家运到另一个国家。)可知,“咱们都需求运输工具。”transportation契合题意。故选C。


            37. D【解析】考察宾语从句的引导词。how“怎么;怎样”;why“为什么”;when“什么时候”;that无词义,引导的宾语从句为陈说句。依据语句However, we all know__37__most cars, motorcycles, boats and planes cause air pollution.(但是,咱们都知道大部分轿车、摩托车、船和飞机都引起空气污染。)可知,know是谓语动词,所以后边是宾语从句,且宾语从句是陈说语序,所以引导词用that。故选D。


            38. A【解析】考察形容词剖析。noisy“喧嚷的”;dirty“脏的”;fas周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练t“快的”;expensive“贵重的”。依据下文___39__inventors are coming up with creative ideas to try to reduce the pollution and noise.(所以发明家提出了创造性的主意来削减污染和噪音。)可知,语句They are also__38___.的意思是“它们也很吵。”noisy契合题意。故选A。


            39. B【解析】考察连词剖析。since“已然;自从”,引导原因状语从句或时刻状语从句;so“因而;所以”,引导成果状语从句;because“由于”,引导原因状语从句;although“虽然”,引导退让状语从句。剖析This is a serious problem in many cities.___39__inventors are coming up with creative ideas to try to reduce the pollution and noise.可知,前后是因果联络,所以用so。故选B。


            40. A【解析】考察形容词剖析。popular“受欢迎的;盛行的”;valuable“有价值的”;dangerous“风险的”;safe“安全的”。依据下句Now Vietnam has around 33 million motorcycles and China has almost 120 million.(现在越南有大约3300万辆摩托车,我国有近1亿2000万辆。)可知,摩托车现在很盛行,语句In many cities around the world, motorcycles are very ___40___.的意思是“在世界各地的许多城市,摩托车很盛行。”popular契合题意。故选A。


            41. D【解析】考察名词剖析。bikes“自行车”;subways“地铁”;buses“公共轿车”;cars“轿车”。依据语句Motorcycles are a faster and cheaper way to get around a city than___41___.(摩托车比轿车环游大城市更快、更廉价。)可知,摩托车与轿车相比较更快、更廉价,cars契合题意。故选D。


            42. B【解析】考察动词剖析。explain“解说”;complain“诉苦”;doubt“置疑”;promise“承诺”。依据语句In large cities, people__42___it is difficult to breathe.可知,由于呼吸困难,所以大城市里,人们诉苦。complain契合题意。故选B。


            43. C【解析】考察形容词剖析。much“很多的”;some“一些”;no“没有的”;more“更多的”。依据上句It uses electricity as fuel(燃料).(它用电作为燃料。)可知,这种环保型摩托车用电作为燃料,所以没有污染。语句As a result, there is__43___polluti周二操练:中考前的冲刺操练on.的意思是“因而,没有污染。”no契合题意。故选C。


            44. D【解析】考察人称代词剖析。them“它们”;you“你/你们”;us“咱们”;it“它”。依据上句It’s also quiet and fast.(它也安静而方便。)可知,语句This makes____44___a good choice for getting around a city.的意思是“这使环保型摩托车成为环游城市的一个好的挑选。”此处人称代词代指“环保型摩托车”,所以用it。故选D。


            45. B【解析】考察名词剖析。rivers“河流”;roads“公路”;tourists“游客”;people“人们”。依据下句There are no cars in the city centre.(市中心没有轿车。)及威尼斯是水上城市可知,语句The Italian city of Venice is a city with only a few ___45___.的意思是“意大利的威尼斯是一个仅有几条公路的城市。”roads契合题意。故选B。


            46. A【解析】考察短语剖析。instead of“替代……;而不是……”;thanks to“多亏了”;because of“由于”;as for“至于”。依据语句__46___ cars, water taxis and buses carry people along the city’s canals(运河).可知,水上出租车和公共轿车替代轿车沿着运河运送人们。instead of契合题意。故选A。


            47. C【解析】考察副词剖析。probably“或许”;only“只是;只要”;especially“特别”;hardly“几乎不”。依据语句However, they cause pollution,____47__ to the water.可知,however“但是”,表明转机联络,they指水上出租车和公共轿车,句意为:但是,它们形成污染,特别对水。especially契合题意。故选C。


            48. B【解析】考察神态动词剖析。must“有必要;必定”;can“能;会”;should“应该”;need“需求”。依据语句The water taxi___48____run for a day after being recharged(充电).可知,充电后水上出租车运转一天是才能,所以用can。故选B。


            49. D【解析】考察名词剖析。question“问题”;job“作业”;decision“决议”;challenge“应战”。依据语句Designing an environmentally friendly airplane is a real__49____.及知识可知,“规划环保型飞机是真实的应战。”challenge契合题意。故选D。


            50. C【解析】考察动词剖析。disagreed“不同意”;refused“回绝”;started“开端”;remembered“记住”。依据下句Swiss engineers have gone one step further.(瑞士的工程师们现已向前迈出了一步。)可知,一些航空公司现已开端处理这些问题。started契合题意。故选C。

             

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